106 2c CARMINE



An 'unhardened' Die Proof without Die number from the original die




A proof taken after the Die was 'hardened' with Die number F-211




A proof on India of the original Die without the die number and without the Bank Note imprint. The lack of a die number and the lack of an imprint suggests that it was taken at a point in the engraving process prior to the 'unhardened' proofs.




A proof on India of the original Die in Green but without the die number and without the Bank Note imprint. This could be a 'Trial Color' proof of the 2c Green but the lack of a die number and the lack of an imprint suggests that it was taken at a point in the engraving process prior to the 'unhardened' proofs.




Two proofs of the original die in Black. One is on India and the other is on a thicker, harder, and more yellow paper. There is some suggestion that Black die proofs are the earliest ones since black impressions are sharper and thus show up better and would be used by the engravers as the first 'proofs' of any design. I am not convinced of this, especially as the normal black Admiral proofs were 'post production'. However, these two proofs could well be from some very early stage of the engraving process since they are from the original die and it is reasonable to assume that the 2 cent value was engraved first since it has the lowest die number(211).


All 2c Carmine stamps were printed using the 'WET' process. Plates 1-26 were printed using the original die and had upper and lower imprints.
Plates 1-26 also had hand punched PO numbers present on all plates but not necessarily on each pane.

Plates 1-4 were used for PO 83.


Lower right Plate 1. Note that plates 1 - 4 had the bottom imprints inverted.


Upper right Plate 4. Plate cracks or so called "Hairlines" exist in many of the early plates.

Plates 5-8 were used for PO 98.


Upper Plate 5.


Upper left Plate 8.


Upper plate 3 used for both PO 83 and PO 98


The lower imprints were missing on plates 5 and 6.

Plates 9-14 were used for PO 108.


Upper Plate 9.


Upper right Plate 14.

Plates 16-22 were used for PO 118.


Upper Plate 16.


Upper right Plate 22.

Plates 23-26 were used for PO 118.


Upper right Plate 23.


Upper Plate 26

The Retouched Die was used for plates 27-160


Retouched Die Proof in color of issue

Plates 27-112 had both top and bottom imprints
Plates 27-37 were used for PO 138.


Upper right plate 27


Upper plate 37

Plates 38-43 were used for PO 147.


Upper left plate 38


Upper right plate 43

Plates 48-70 were used for PO 174.


Upper plate 48


Upper right plate 70

Plates 45-62 were used for PO 195.


Upper right plate 45


Upper left plate 62

Plates 59-66 were used for PO 214.


Upper left plate 59


Upper left plate 66

Plates 69-76 were used for PO 236, and plates 73-76 for PO 242.


Upper right plate 69


Upper right plate 73


Upper right plate 76 with both PO's.

Beginning with Plate 79 the PO was engraved on the plate along with the imprint.


Upper left plate 79

At this point in time, the practise of entering a hand punched PO for a reuse of the plate was mostly discontinued.


Upper left plate 80 with PO 240 engraved and a hand punched 348.


Lower right plate 112. This was the last plate to have lower imprints.

Plates 113-158 had top imprints and a strip of Lathework in place of the bottom imprints


Upper right plate 113


Upper left plate 158


Type B Lathework

Plate 159 had upper imprints and a band of type C Lathework at the bottom


Upper left plate 159


Type C Lathework

Plate 160 has upper imprints and a band of type C Inverted Lathewotk at the bottom.


Upper ;eft plate 160


Type C Inverted Lathework


Both plates 159 and 160 were also used to print the 2c Green and hence tend to be rare in either color.



A booklet pane of six.
The panes were produced from from several plates that can only be distinguished by minute die differences.



The plates used for the booklet panes had imprints just as any other plate but the imprints are normally severed. These are two examples of printings from different plates. The inscription 'OTTAWA TOP" is partially visible and is in a different position on each example.



A 'starter' strip of coils perfed 8 vertically.


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